Know your CannaTerms: Cannabinoid, THC, and CBD
Updated: Jan 21
Whether you’re pursuing cannabis as a consumer or as an entrepreneur, it’s easy to become overwhelmed by the vast terminology surrounding this plant. Point Seven Group is all about making the oftentimes overwhelming cannabis industry more approachable, which is why we’re introducing a series of articles, “Know Your CannaTerms.” The first term we’ll tackle is cannabinoid, and more specifically, THC and CBD.
What is a cannabinoid? To put it simply, a cannabinoid is a chemical compound found within the cannabis plant that interacts with one’s body to produce effects that are often therapeutic and medically beneficial. These chemical compounds fit into receptors within the body’s endocannabinoid system, similar to a key fitting into a lock. There are more than 100 cannabinoids that we know of, all with unique properties and benefits, but the two most commonly known are THC and CBD. There are some major differences between the two, including how they affect the body.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the cannabinoid that is most associated with producing psychoactive effects and therapeutic benefits. This cannabinoid is most often attributed to the component of cannabis that has the ability to make the consumer feel “high” or euphoric, and it can affect one’s mood, behavior, and perception. Consumers often note that THC can produce a pain relieving effect, an increase in appetite, and an overall feeling of well-being. For some, THC has the potential to cause feelings of anxiety or paranoia. THC has also been used for it’s anti-inflammatory benefits. Until recently, the vast majority of commercial cannabis has been cultivated to have very high levels of THC in order to appeal to those pursuing psychoactive effects. But consumers and patients are starting to pay more attention to strains with a strong presence and fuller spectrum of other cannabinoids, including CBD.
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is the second most commonly known cannabinoid. It’s most associated with producing non-psychoactive, therapeutic, medicinal benefits. Like THC, CBD has anti-inflammatory properties, among other medicinal uses. This cannabinoid has the potential to end epileptic seizures and can treat those with serious neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. CBD also has pain relieving properties. Some patients who use cannabis for medicinal purposes specifically pursue strains that primarily contain CBD, or even products that contain no THC at all. This way they are able to experience the medicinal benefits of cannabis without feeling any psychoactive effects.
So whether you’re looking to open your own dispensary, you’re pursuing cannabis for medical purposes, or you just want to do some research - we hope you feel a bit more informed when you see the increasingly ubiquitous terms, cannabinoid, THC, and CBD.